AMPHIBIAWEB
Gastrotheca guentheri
family: Hemiphractidae

© 2010 Division of Herpetology, University of Kansas (1 of 2)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Vulnerable (VU)
CITES
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Colombia, Ecuador

 

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

   

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:

 

Range Description

This species occurs on the Pacific slopes of the Andes in northern Ecuador (Pichincha and Cotapaxi provinces) and western Colombia (from Nariño Department to Antioquia Department). It has been recorded between 700 and 2,010m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It is a nocturnal species, living on vegetation, including arboreal bromeliads, in forest habitats, usually next to water sources. It prefers undisturbed habitats, but can be found on the edge of secondary forest. It breeds by direct development, and the eggs are carried in a pouch on the back of the female.

Population

The population status of this species across much of Ecuador is unknown. It was most recently recorded in 1996, and appears to have declined. Data from the Reserva Otonga (Pichincha Province) suggest that it is now absent from where it once occurred (L. Coloma pers. obs.). It is an uncommon species in Colombia.

Population Trend

Decreasing

Major Threats

The major threats are habitat loss due to agricultural development (livestock and illegal crops), logging, and human settlement, and pollution resulting from the spraying of illegal crops. The decline in Ecuador is unexplained and has taken place within suitable habitats, and might perhaps be related to climate change, or to chytridiomycosis (which has been recorded in Gastrotheca species in Ecuador), or to a combination of these two factors.

Conservation Actions

In Ecuador, its range overlaps with the Reserva Ecológica Los Illinizas. It occurs in several protected areas in Colombia, including Parque Nacional Natural Farallones de Cali. Further research is needed to investigate the cause of the apparent decline of this species in Ecuador.

Taxonomic Notes

This genus has recently been moved from the family Hylidae (Faivovich et al. 2005).

Citation

Wilmar Bolívar, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Diego Cisneros-Heredia, Juan Manuel Renjifo 2004. Gastrotheca guentheri. In: IUCN 2014

 

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