This species is found in Mesoamerica in the western Pacific lowlands of Panama. In South America this species has been recorded in Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela (Sucre and Bolìvar states), Trinidad Island, Trinidad and Tobago and the Guianas. Its distribution is poorly known, and its taxonomic status is in need of revision. It occurs up to 500m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives in leaf-litter and in tree holes in tropical rainforests and on the forest edge, as well as grasslands and shrublands. Breeding takes place in ponds, and eggs and tadpoles in water. Male specimens have been found calling from water up to 30cm deep, in flooded forest. It is tolerant of some habitat modification and can survive in rural gardens and pastureland.
It is considered to be common at some sites.
There are no major threats to this species. But shifting cultivation, logging, fire, infrastructure development, agro industrial farming and water pollution might impact local populations.
It occurs in several protected areas.
This species is a complex of several species. Specimens from Paraguay, Argentina and Uruguay have been separated from Elachistocleis ovalis as E. bicolor (Lavilla et al. 2003).
Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues, Andrés Acosta-Galvis, Esteban Lavilla, Frank Solís, Roberto Ibáñez, César Jaramillo, Querube Fuenmayor, Jerry Hardy 2010. Elachistocleis ovalis. In: IUCN 2014