Fuding Fire-bellied Newt
|Taxonomic Notes: Placed in Hypselotriton (Cynotriton) by Dubois and Raffaelli 2009, 2012 Alytes.|
Species Description: Wu Y, Wang Y, Jiang K, Hanken J. 2010 A new newt of the genus Cynops (Caudata: Salamandridae) from Fujian Province, southeastern China. Zootaxa 2346:42-52.
Male smaller than female; the tail is shorter in the male than in the female. In the reproductive season, males have a wider and more swollen cloaca (Wu et al. 2010).
Colour is dark-brown to lighter brown above; obscure black flecks on head and back. Vertebral ridge dark orange. Ventral colour ranges from yellowish orange to reddish orange. Number and position of ventral black dots vary among individuals; some specimens have black dots on the chin. The holotype has an orange dot on dorsal side of forelimb base, which is not present in all individuals; base of first digits of forelimbs and hind limbs light orange. Orange red on cloaca, continuing to underside of tail. Posterior limit of cloaca may be black (Wu et al. 2010).
Distribution and Habitat
The habitat at the type locality is described as small, still-water puddles and ditches of a deserted agricultural field on a hillside, about 1 km from Mt. Taimu. The water is shallow and clear, with abundant aquatic plants and arthropods. The aquatic substrate is composed of soft earth and decomposing vegetation. Weeds grow densely in the field (Wu et al. 2010).
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Trends and Threats
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
Fei, L., Hu, S., Ye, C., and Huang, Y. (2006). Fauna Sinica, Amphibia, Vol. 1. Science Press, Beijing (in Chinese).
Wu, Y., Wang, Y., Jiang, K. and Hanken, J. (2010). ''A new newt of the genus Cynops (Caudata: Salamandridae) from Fujian Province, southeastern China.'' Zootaxa, 2346, 42-52.
Written by Max Sparreboom (m-c-sparreboom AT hetnet.nl), National Natural History Museum Naturalis. Leiden,The Netherlands
First submitted 2010-02-24
Edited by Kellie Whittaker (2010-02-24)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2010 Cynops fudingensis: Fuding Fire-bellied Newt <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/7435> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Sep 23, 2017.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2017. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 23 Sep 2017.
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