AMPHIBIAWEB
Alsodes gargola
family: Alsodidae

© 2003 Ramiro Logares (1 of 3)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
CITES
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Argentina, Chile

 

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

   

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:

 

Range Description

This species is endemic to northwestern Argentinean Patagonia. It is present in the provinces of Río Negro (in several localities within the Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi, A. g. gargola), Neuquen (volcanic tablelands of Lonco Luan and surroundings A. g. neuquensis) and Chubut (Parque Nacional Los Alerces and Parque Nacional Lago Puelo). It has an altitudinal range of 200-2,200m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

This is a semi-aquatic species associated with both small alpine lakes and streams, and Patagonian forest streams. Breeding takes place in streams and ponds. The species may be found in areas slightly disturbed by cattle farming.

Adult frogs overwinter in both terrestrial and underwater conditions for ca 8 months per year (May to December) (Logares and Úbeda, 2006). The tadpole has a long development period (2-3 years) and overwinters in the water under a layer of ice and snow. They are locally abundant, and appear to be grazers of the periphytic community and detritus gatherers, with diet matching the tadpoles' morphological and structural adaptations to a lotic-benthic habitat (Baffico and Úbeda, 2006).

Population

It is a common species.

Population Trend

Stable

Major Threats

The ongoing introduction of exotic predatory fish species (trout) into the stream habitats of this species is considered to be a major threat, although population declines have yet to be observed.

Conservation Actions

It is present in Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi, Parque Nacional Los Alerces and Parque Nacional Lago Puelo.

Taxonomic Notes

Ther are two subspecies: Alsodes gargola gargola Gallardo, 1970; and Alsodes gargola neuquensis Cei, 1976.

Citation

Esteban Lavilla, Carmen Úbeda, Néstor Basso, Boris Blotto 2010. Alsodes gargola. In: IUCN 2014

 

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