The species is known from the locality of Povoação, at sea level, municipality of Linhares, northern portion of the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil, although it is possible that it may also occur in Governador Lindemberg, Espírito Santo and in southern Bahia, Brazil (Almeida and Angulo, 2006). The species has recently been recorded and collected in Mimoso do Sul, southern Espírito Santo, extending its range by ca 300 km (A.P. Almeida, pers. comm. 2008).
Habitat and Ecology
Leptodactylus thomei is a leaf litter inhabitant of cacao plantations within alluvial forests. It breeds in temporary ponds, and its tadpoles need water to complete their ontogenetic development (Almeida and Angulo, 2002). Reproductive activity goes from August to March, coinciding with the rainy season in this area (Almeida and Angulo, 2006). Foam nests have been found to contain 27-29 tadpoles (Almeida and Angulo, 2002), a collected female released 32 eggs (Almeida and Angulo, 2006).
The species is common to abundant in the rainy season at the locality of Povoação.
No major threats are currently known for this species.
No conservation measures are currently known for this species.
In the Leptodactylus marmoratus species group according to the original publication. Leptodactylus thomei can be differentiated from other similar species by its advertisement call, reproductive and morphological features (Almeida and Angulo, 2006).
Ariadne Angulo 2008. Adenomera thomei. In: IUCN 2014