This species has a restricted range in western Jamaica, ranging from sea level up to 680m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This species is an inhabitant of mesic forests on the coast and in the uplands; although associated with closed-canopy forest, it can tolerate some habitat degradation. Males call from the ground or from low vegetation. Eggs are laid on the ground and it breeds by direct development and may be associated with bromeliads.
It has rarely been encountered during the last decade, although it is commonly found in Dolphin Head in extreme western Jamaica. It has also been recently seen in Rocklands (B. Hedges, pers. comm. 2007; K. Jones, pers. comm. 2007).
Although this species appears to be slightly more tolerant of habitat disturbance than some other species in the genus, such as Eleutherodactylus sisyphodemus and E. griphus, rather extensive habitat destruction and deforestation is taking place within its range, caused by agriculture, human settlement and logging.
It occurs in several forest reserves, but these do not guarantee the species' long-term protection, and there is a clear need for improved and strengthened management of these existing protected areas.
Blair Hedges, Susan Koenig, Byron Wilson, Kelly Jones 2010. Eleutherodactylus luteolus. In: IUCN 2014