Species Description: Zachariah A, Dinesh KP, Kunhikrishnan E, Das S, Raju DV, Radhakrishnan C, Palot MJ, Kalesh S 2011 Nine new species of frogs of the genus Raorchestes (Amphibia: Anura: Rhacophoridae) from southern Western Ghats, India. Biosystematica 5:25-48.
Raorchestes manohari is a particularly distinct Raorchestes frog. The only potentially similar species are R. luteolus and R. ochlandrae, from which R. manohari can be distinguished by its relatively small adult size (snout-vent length 17.57 - 18.06 mm). Additionally, it has an indistinct tympanum and a blunt nose that is slightly longer than the diameter of the eye. It can also be distinguished by the dark brown spotting on an otherwise yellow dorsum and its advertisement call (Zachariah et al. 2011).
In life, R. manohari has a bright yellow granular dorsum with brownish black spots localized on the upper half of the frog. Limbs and digits are all uniform and the ventral side of the frog is a lighter whitish color. In preservative, the yellow dorsum turns a pale white with the same brownish black spots on the upper half while the ventral side is still a uniform white (Zachariah et al. 2011).
Distribution and Habitat
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Trends and Threats
Raorchestes manohari was named for T.M Manoharan, the Principal Chief Conservator of Forests in Kerala. Additionally, ‘manohar’ is a Sanskrit-derived word meaning ‘beautiful’ or ‘captivating’ in many Indian languages.
Kishwan, J., Venkataraman, K. 2011. Critically Endangered Species of India. Ministry of Environment and Forests. Government of India. Accessed April 2013 from http://envfor.nic.in/downloads/public-information/critically_endangered_booklet.pdf
Zachariah, A., Dinesh, K.P., Kunhikrishnan, E., Das, S., Raju, D.V., Radhakrishnan, C., Jafer Palot, M. and Kalesh, S. (2011) Nine new species of frogs of the genus Raorchestes (Amphibia: Anura: Rhacophoridae) from southern Western Ghats, India. Biosystematica, 5(1): 25-48
Written by Shreya Gowda (gshreya AT gmail.com), University of California Berkeley
First submitted 2013-06-17
Edited by Ann T. Chang (2013-06-19)
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