This species is known only from near Bundibugyo in Semliki Valley in western Uganda, at the foot of the Ruwenzori Mountains at 700m asl, and from Budongo Forest, east of Lake Albert, in western Uganda. It presumably occurs elsewhere, including in nearby Democratic Republic of Congo.
Habitat and Ecology
It is assumed to be a water-dependent species in lowland rainforest. However, the type locality is a pool in a banana plantation, where it lives together with Xenopus pygmaeus. It appears that, like X. fraseri, it can survive in degraded habitats, provided that the pools which it requires for breeding in are shaded.
It is a very poorly known species, and there is no information on its population status.
There is very little direct information on threats to this species. It probably cannot withstand complete opening up of its habitat, and it is likely also to be harvested locally for human consumption.
It is not know from any well protected areas.
Uniquely among vertebrates (except Xenopus longipes), this is a dodecaploid species, and it is therefore of considerable conservation interest. It was probably formed by both hybridization and polyploidisation (Loumont and Kobel 1991).
Richard Tinsley, John Measey, Kim Howell, Manfred Beier 2004. Xenopus ruwenzoriensis. In: IUCN 2013