AMPHIBIAWEB
Xenopus ruwenzoriensis
family: Pipidae

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Uganda

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Data Deficient (DD)
See IUCN account.
CITES
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

   

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:

 

Range Description

This species is known from near Bundibugyo in Semliki Valley in western Uganda, at the foot of the Ruwenzori Mountains from Djuma and Orientale, Mayimbili (DRC) (Greenbaum and Kusamba 2010, Evans et al. 2011). The altitudinal range is fromĀ  700-1,200 m asl. Its range, herein taken as a proxy for extent of occurrence (EOO) is estimated to be 4,586 km

Habitat and Ecology

It is assumed to be a principally aquatic species in lowland rainforest. However, the type locality is a pool in a banana plantation. This species is known to live together with Xenopus pygmaeus (Evans et al. 2011, Tymowska and Fischberg 1973). It appears that, like X. fraseri, it can survive in degraded habitats, provided that the pools which it requires for breeding in are shaded.

Population

It is a very poorly known species. Recent collectors have commented that it is rare within the area it is distributed (E. Greenbaum pers. comm. May 2012).

Population Trend

Unknown

Major Threats

There is very little direct information on threats to this species. It may not withstand complete opening up of its habitat, and it is likely also to be harvested locally for human consumption.

Conservation Actions

It is not know from any well protected areas. More information is required on the distribution and influence of habitat change on this species.

Taxonomic Notes

Uniquely among vertebrates (except Xenopus longipes), this is a dodecaploid species, and it is therefore of considerable conservation interest. It was probably formed by both hybridization and polyploidisation (Loumont and Kobel 1991).

Citation

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2014. Xenopus ruwenzoriensis. In: IUCN 2014

 

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