Lehmann's Frog, Red-banded Poison Frog, Harlequin Poison Frog
H. Vannoy Davis
© 2005 California Academy of Sciences (1 of 5)
This bright color pattern is known as an aposematic coloration and warns against predators. Oophaga lehmanni is poisonous in the wild but in captivity it does not consume the food it needs to become toxic. This species is most similar to Oophaga histrionicus but lacks the histrionicotoxins which are present in O. histrionicus (Walls 1994).
Distribution and Habitat
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Oophaga lehmanni can breed successfully with Oophaga histrionicus in captivity. Other than its lack of histrionicotoxins, O. lehmanni does not vary from O. histrionicus and so its status as a distinct species has often been questioned (Walls 1994).
In a study of frog advertisement calls, it was suggested that there are two groups of dendrobatid frogs: northern populations with relatively long notes (125 ms) and a low note repetition rate (2-3.5/s) and southern populations (including D. lehmanni) with distinctively shorter notes (100 ms) and a higher note repetition rate of at least 5/s). The authors stress that more investigation is needed. (Lotters et al. 1999).
Trends and Threats
Relation to Humans
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
Brown J.L., Twomey E., Amézquita A., De Souza M.B., Caldwell J.P., Lötters S., Von May R., Melo-Sampaio P.R., Mejía-Vargas D., Perez-Peña P., Pepper M., Poelman E.H., Sanchez-Rodriguez M., and Summers K. (2011). ''A taxonomic revision of the Neotropical poison frog genus Ranitomeya (Amphibia: Dendrobatidae).'' Zootaxa, 3083, 1-120.
Dendrobatidae Nederland (2002). DN Gifkikkerportaal. http://www.gifkikker.nl/
Honolulu Zoo (2002). ''.'' ''http://www.honoluluzoo.org/yellow-banded_dart_frog.htm.''
Instituto para la Investigacion y Preservacion del Patrimonio Cultural y Natural del Valle del Cauca (2001). Federico Carlos Lehmann Museum. http://www.geocities.com/inciva/centros.html
Lötters, S., Glaw, F., Köhler, J., and Castro, F. (1999). ''On the geographic variation of the advertisement call of Dendrobates histrionicus and related forms from north-western South America.'' Herpetozoa, 12(1/2), 23-38.
Myers, C. W. and Daly, J. W. (1976). ''Preliminary evaluation of skin toxins and vocalisations in taxonomic and evolutionary studies of poison-dart frogs (Dendrobatidae).'' Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 157(3), 173-262.
Walls, J. G. (1994). Jewels of the Rainforest: Poison Frogs of the Family Dendrobatidae. J.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey.
Written by Phoebe Lehmann (plehmann AT oeb.harvard.edu), Harvard University
First submitted 2003-01-11
Edited by Kellie Whittaker, Brent Nguyen (2011-11-09)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2011 Oophaga lehmanni: Lehmann's Frog <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/1637> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Feb 20, 2017.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2017. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 20 Feb 2017.
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