Eichwald's Toad, Talysh Toad
Species Description: Litvinchuk, SN, Borkin LJ, Skorinov DV, Rosanov JM. 2008 A new species of common toads from the Talysh Mountains, South-eastern Caucasus: Genome size, allozyme and morphological evidences. Russian J Herpetology 15:19-43.
© 2015 Parham Beyhaghi (1 of 18)
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Azerbaijan, Iran, Islamic Republic of
In the south-eastern part of Azerbaijan, B. eichwaldi was recorded in Dzhalilabad (Akhsaglar settlement), Astara (Sim and Tangerud villages), Lerik (Azerbaycan village and Lerik settlement), and Lenkoran (Sara Island, Lenkoran Town, Kirovskiy sovkhoz, Lyach Forest, Girkansky Nature Reserve, Avrora settlement, and Dasdatuk village) districts. The Eichwaldâ€™s toad may inhabit the Talysh and Elburz mountains in the northern part of Iran. In Mazandaran and Gilan provinces three records are known: Shaferuz River, 20 km south-south-eastern of Sari, and 10 km western of Ramsar.
The Eichwaldâ€™s toad is associated mainly with the forest zone. It inhabits broad-lived forests from 0 to 1200 m above sea level. Sometimes, toads occur in gardens, tea plantations and lowland swamps.
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
In most habitats, this species is rare.
Trends and Threats
Relation to Humans
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
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Litvinchuk, S. N., Borkin, L. J., Skorinov, D. V., and Rosanov, J. M. (2008). ''A new species of common toads from the Talysh Mountains, south-eastern Caucasus: genome size, allozyme, and morphological evidences.'' Russian Journal of Herpetology, 15(1), 19-43.
Litvinchuk, S. N., Rosanov, J. M., Borkin, L. J., and Skorinov, D. V. (2007). ''Molecular, biochemical and cytogenetic aspects of microevolution in anurans of Russia and adjacent countries.'' The Problems of Herpetology. Pushchino-na-Okeâ€“St. Petersburg.
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Written by Spartak N. Litvinchuk (slitvinchuk AT yahoo.com), Russian Academy of Sciences
First submitted 2008-09-05
Edited by Kellie Whittaker (2008-09-05)
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