This species is only known from Shuangbai County in Yunnan Province, China, from 2,550-2,600m asl. It might occur more widely.
Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits bamboo forests and presumably breeds in the streams in bamboo forests and broadleaf forests.
Only one specimen has ever been collected, and this species is considered to be very rare and hard to find.
There are no known threats.
Its known range is within Ailaoshan National Nature Reserve.
This species perhaps belongs in the genus Torrentophryne (Yang Datong pers. comm.).
Yang Datong, Lu Shunqing 2004. Bufo ailaoanus. In: IUCN 2012